Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease


Causes of Periodontal Disease | Types of Periodontal Disease | Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease | Mouth - Body Connection | Periodontal Disease and Diabetes | Periodontal Disease, Heart Disease and Stroke | Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy | Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis | Periodontal Disease and Respiratory Disease | What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease? | Diagnosis | Treatment | Maintenance

The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.

Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Bleeding gums

    Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.

  • Loose teeth

    Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).

  • New spacing between teeth

    Caused by bone loss.

  • Persistent bad breath

    Caused by bacteria in the mouth.

  • Pus around the teeth and gums

    Sign that there is an infection present.

  • Receding gums

    Loss of gum around a tooth.

  • Red and puffy gums

    Gums should never be red or swollen.

  • Tenderness or Discomfort

    Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.

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